RDF (Refuse Derived Fuel) and SRF (Solid Recovered Fuel) are methods used to turn general waste into a fuel that can be used in Energy from Waste facilities to generate heat and power, rather than sending the waste to landfill. This is typically the residual waste produced once the waste has had any recyclable material recovered through a Materials Recycling Facility and is processed and baled for transport onto Energy from Waste facilities. FCC produces refuse derived fuel from waste that cannot be recycled from seven sites in the UK.
The fuel is transported in trailers, shipping containers or by bulk vessel to energy plants in the UK and Europe. FCC Environment’s investment in RDF facilities underpins our desire to turn all waste into a resource. In 2014 FCC Environment produced 200,000 tonnes of RDF to produce energy that would otherwise have been sent to landfill.
FCC Environment has been pioneering and promoting the mass removal of wastes and construction materials by rail since the 1970s when the Hendon Waste Transfer Station (North London) was opened and Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and Commercial and Industrial (C&I) waste containerised and hauled to facilities outside London. Further long term contracts soon followed. The use of open top boxes to carry large volumes of contaminated land and construction waste soils was established.
Projects such as Chatham Docks, Shellhaven, Channel Tunnel Rail Link, Bluebell Railway and Crossrail have benefited considerably, both financially and environmentally. The establishment of rail connected hub sites in urban areas has allowed the benefit of rail haulage to be promoted, and enjoyed, at construction sites that do not have direct access to rail. The environmental impact of such operations is significant with less HGVs required. FCC Environment currently receives, or subcontracts, some 30 trains a week at its waste management or recovery facilities.
MSW and C&I waste is rail hauled and offloaded at FCC Environment’s waste management facilities for recycling, recovery, disposal or to generate energy from waste. Construction arisings and materials are hauled, and project managed, by FCC Environment with materials being recovered/reused in engineering and restoration works. The facilities are able to handle both short and long term projects. FCC Environment have 4 direct rail, 15 indirect rail and 2 rail hub sites (London).
The recovery and reuse of construction materials, by rail, for engineering and restoration purposes provides environmental and economic benefits and allows the producer to meet their obligations under the waste hierarchy whilst avoiding the payment of landfill tax. Each train takes 50-60 HGV’s off the public highways and provides significant reductions in CO2 emissions.
Materials Moved by Rail
General Construction Soils ex Hub Sites - >2Mt Tunnel Arisings - >3Mt Remediation/Contaminated Soils - >5Mt Spent Ballast - >1Mt PFA – 200kt MSW - >20Mt
Rail Haulage Solutions for Bulk Removal of Construction Excavation Materials and Waste
To enquire about rail haulage, handling, processing, management, recovery and reuse of bulk construction arisings, construction materials or waste please contact the Soil Management Solutions team at FCC Environment (UK) Ltd:
Roland Williams (General Manager)
Digory Little (Operations Manager)
Nigel Wellsbury (Contract Manager)
Soil Management Solutions
FCC Environment (UK) Ltd
Tel: 01908 650199
Fax: 01908 650194